Incination : Destruction of Bio-Medical Waste

Incineration incorporates the right technology featuring for a complete destruction of the waste into completely safe end products.
A process combination of pyrolysis and controlled air combustion, where heat and air for combustion is regulated in such a way as to first volatalise/ gasify the waste in conditions of inadequate air, i.e., below stochiometric air conditions and heat, and then totally destroy it in adequate heat and excess air, thereby making the end products environmentally safe.

The process is not only safe but is also today’s answer to the rampant problem of hospital waste management and pollution.

The primary purpose of incineration is to burn the waste to ashes through a combustion process. Sangam Mediserve Pvt. Ltd. intends to set up incinerators of optimum capacity at each of the locations. The unit shall be a dual chambered incinerator.

The primary chamber’s main purpose would be combustion of the waste materials into safe end products (ash). The temperature of the primary chamber would be 850o C and above wherein wastes are completely destroyed. The primary chamber would have an attached burner with auxiliary fuel supply to augment the fuel requirements and ensure maintenance of temperatures.

The purpose of the secondary chamber would be to burn the off-gases and ensure safe end products (gaseous). The secondary chamber would operate at a temperature of 1050o C and above. The gases would be completely burnt and safe gases then shall be let out of the incinerator unit.

Both the primary and secondary burners installed are imported Italian burners. The incinerator is completely automated with control panel and continuous recording of temperatures. The entire system is very simple and is easy to operate. The system is environmentally safe without any hazard.

Air Pollution Control System

The gases after being burnt at 1050o C shall be run into a ventury scrubber followed by a flooded scrubber with water quenching arrangement. The scrubber shall be an alkaline scrubber to neutralise the gases and ensure trapping of any pollutants escaping into the environment. The purpose of water quenching is to reduce the temperature of the gases which are at high temperature. The clean gases are let out into the environment. The scrubbed water shall be collected into a sump, where the water is neutralised, and then sent into a cooling tower from where the water is re-circulated into the scrubber after cleaning them of their particulates by way of pressure sand filter and activated carbon filter. The system is thus a zero discharge system in terms of water discharges and is pollution free.